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Perfect for any student or professional, this 3-in-1 pen is bound to make a lasting impression. This sleek and stylish black writing utensil features a ballpoint pen, a stylus tip for touchscreen devices and LED flashlight tip with an illuminating bright white light. What an outstanding promotional giveaway for schools, banks, hotels and so much more! Customize with an imprint of your company logo and message for increased brand exposure on a dazzling gift!

*Fashion designers created looks for hoodies and T-Shirts to represent nations participating in the 2018 World Cup.

*Part of the proceeds benefit a childrens charity.

Some mega popular international footballers soccer players to us Yanks are known to translate their sporting stardom into being fashion icons off the pitch. Just think of the ever InstagramableDavid BeckhamandCristiano Ronaldo. Given that, the newSoccer Couture collectionof printed apparel tied to the 2018 World Cup makes a lot of sense.

⚽️Go for the goal ⚽️YOOX, in collaboration withseppmagazine& 14 international designers, is proud to debut its thirdYOOXSOCCERCOUTUREcollection 💥

Join your favorite fashion team! 👉🏻

The capsule collection is the fruit of a partnership between online fashion retailer Yoox and SEPP, a publication covering soccer/fashion. The pair enlisted fashion designers to create looks to embellish T-Shirts and sweatshirts. Each graphic represents something about the spirit of a nation whose national football team is participating in the World Cup, the international tournament being played now into July. Participating fashionistas include Vivienne Westwood, Marta Marques and Paulo Almeida, and Esteban Cortazar.

Hearteningly, part of the proceeds from sales of the YOOXSOCCERCOUTURE capsule collection are being donated to Stars for Children, a charitable foundation founded in 2015 by Russian soccer player Alexander Kerzhakov to support kids in need and help them get involved in sports.

Anyway, without further ado, here are a few samples from the collection:

This design from Isolda supports Brazil the nation thats won the World Cup more than any other (five times). Designers intend the plants and wildlife in the print, which are native to Brazil, to capture the essence of a big multicultural country that is unified by its love of soccer.

Created by Kolor, this design displays the famous Rising Sun of the Japanese flag. Designers said the idea is to show that passion for soccer can connect people, encouraging unity that helps them to become one like a single rising sun.

This design from Nio Far x Mwami represents Senegal sadly now eliminated from the tourney. Still, its a great design, using the symmetry and position of the Senegal lion as a nod to traditional African masks.

MarquesAlmeida came up with this creation that takes the brands penchant for stripes and divvies the concept up into abstract shapes in the striped colors of Portugals flag.

*Retro patriotic styles have an enduring appeal.

*Dont limit yourself to Independence Day. There are plenty of opportunities year-round to pitch this trend.

A sea of people in red, white and blue emerge each year to celebrate the Fourth of July with fireworks and festivities. But stars and stripes particularly with a faded, distressed look have an unflagging, year-round appeal.

Classic Americana never goes out of style because its homegrown and therefore touches on the nostalgic aspect of the unique American spirit, according to theCreative Marketblog.

Alternative Apparel (asi/34850) recently released its Americana-inspired apparel line that features the classic red, white and blue in vintage style. The company used a fabric first approach to ensure soft, simple and eco-friendly apparel.

Our Americana collection is the perfect apparel for any [Fourth of July] celebration, says Kevin Miles, director of sales operations for Alternative Apparel. And beyond our favorite star-studded holiday, the vintage look of these styles is classic and timeless. The elevated stars-and-stripes prints create neutral design elements as a backdrop for embellishment.

Alternative Apparels Americana collection includes baseball tees, ringer T-shirts, sweatshirts and tank tops.

To achieve a Vintage Americana look, designers typically use dusty reds, dirty whites and faded blues. The perfect balance of all three ensures no color overpowers another. Plus, its more subtle and retro than the bright and vibrant flag motifs typically deployed for the Fourth of July. Think of any design or aesthetic that brings you back to the good old days. Vintage Americana reflects classic cars, 1970s-era John Travolta films and cozy diners from the 1950s.

You can find this cool 50s style roadside diner in Pink Elephant Antique Mall, Livingston, IL. I picked up some kitsch sunglasses in the mall, they seemed to fit perfectly with the vibe! Are you a fan of vintage style? What would your favourite era be? 📷 @thehappyjetlagger EnjoyIllinois @enjoyillinois

A post shared bySuze – Travel & Lifestyle(@luxurycolumnist) onJun 24, 2018 at 11:43am PDT

Vintage Americana has an enduring patriotic feeling, which thrives despite the challenges the U.S. currently faces, according to Lea Robinson, vice president of sales and marketing for Staton Corporate and Casual (asi/89380). Its a feeling that never goes away, whereas [saturated red, white and blue looks] feel like we are celebrating more in the moment.

The vintage Americana trend has broad appeal across party lines and demographics. After all, Vintage is ageless, Robinson says.

Its really the convergence of three well-established trends the popularity of classic styles like baseball tees and ringer tees, the appeal of the vintage look and feel, and the drive toward authentic brands, Miles says. It also connects to the idea of sustainability and durability.

Vantage Apparel (asi/93390) has also been capitalizing on the retail trend by applying vintage design to its merchandise. Even the cover page of this yearsVantage Apparel catalogis rendered in red, white and blue.

Our design team spent a lot of time researching trends and putting together different ideas for this years merchandise, says Gina Barreca, director of marketing for Vantage. We decided on something that would show different colors and patterns that would work for various companies. The colors red, white and blue were up there and we saw an opportunity to go beyond the basic idea.

The Vansport Zen Pullover (3450 mens, 3451 womens) from Vantage Apparel

A screen print with a vintage Americana feel by Vantage Apparel.

This Gildan Fleece Hoodie with Custom Color Draw Cord features decoration with a vintage Americana feel.

Vantage Apparel has also explored the idea of adding the stars and stripes pattern within the fill of a logo to give it a patriotic look. Even clients that have strict logo guidelines have options: Adding the company established date to a logo or using a small flag as a second placement are easy ways to put a heritage spin to apparel, Barreca says.

The company also recommends screen printing with soft-hand inks and distressed art filters to achieve the vintage and nostalgic aspect of the Americana theme. Soft cotton-rib appliqu also fits with the vintage Americana look.

For J. America (asi/62977), vintage styles have been surfacing in the past few years. Steve Zimmerman, vice president of sales, says that vintage designs continue to be a staple of the companys assortment, because they are timeless. J. America recently introduced vintage Americana to its Top of the World headwear collection, by adding a vintage wash to the fabric.

Vintage Americana evokes a classic, nostalgic and retro feeling in the wearer. Showing off samples in that style will help you get that message across to clients, Miles says. Create a trend sheet that captures vintage Americana styles from runways to retail displays, he suggests.

Though vintage Americana is a perfect fit for Independence Day, theres no need to retire the style after the fireworks fizzle and the picnics peter out. Opportunities to use the retro motif abound, suppliers say.

Our country has gotten very patriotic the last couple of decades, not that we hadnt been prior to then, Zimmerman says. Between our national holidays, sporting events, the agriculture market and what now seems to be endless election campaigning across the country, there are numerous opportunities for distributors and decorators to work with end users on Americana themes year round.

J. America introduced vintage Americana styling to its headwear collection.

Looking for promotional products? Youve come to the right site! Whether you are looking for a specific item or just browsing for ideas, our site is your one-stop source.

American Metal Crafters

American Metal Crafters manufactures standard metal boxes, metal cases andcustom projects, includingtool boxes,first aid kitsandfirst aid cabinets,document and policy boxes,gun lockers,computer security enclosures,steel binder boxesand specialty pieces. We can customize any project with on-site powder coating, silk screening and decal application.

695 High Street, Middletown, CT 06457

COMPANY PROFILEMANUFACTURING CAPABILITIES

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Round First Aid Decal

Below are the available bulk discount rates for each individual item when you purchase a certain amount

Our Round decals are Reflective stickers. It is designed for a standard fire helmet as well as other surfaces including windows. If you need another color or a custom size, please email or call us. All of our decals are printed on a high quality engineer grade reflective material and under normal conditions will last 5 to 7 years.

Clean the surface where you place the decal with real rubbing alcohol and dry with a clean cloth.DO NOT USE an alcohol pad. Be careful when applying the decal as the adhesive sticks quickly and the decal cannot be re-positioned. For vehicle glass or other outside surface, the temperature of the surface should be in the range of 50 to 70 degrees. Extreme temperatures will keep the decal from sticking properly. Wash decals with warm water and gently wipe the surface with a clean cloth. Harsh soap, wax, and water repellent products will destroy the decal.

Round Emergency Search & Rescue Decal

Round Hazardous Materials Skull Decal

Round Emergency Medical Technician Patch

Round Emergency First Responder Decal

Round Emergency First Responder Decal

Round Emergency Search & Rescue Decal

Round Hazardous Materials Skull Decal

Round Emergency Medical Technician Patch

Round Emergency Search & Rescue Decal

Round Hazardous Materials Skull Decal

Round Emergency Medical Technician Patch

Round Emergency First Responder Decal

Fire Safety Signs Fire Pventionigns

Durable, Quality Fire Safety Signs Since 1988

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We sell high quality safety signs at the lowest prices. If you can find our signs at a lower price, well match it!

All our safety signs are manufactured by us in New Jersey. We are a veteran owned and operated company.

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First Aid Signs First Aid KiSign

The U.S. Department of Labor reports that non-fatal workplace injuries and illnesses occurred at a rate of approximately 4 cases per 100 workers last year. That means accidents are waiting to happen at your business. When they do, ensure that your employees or customers be able to find first aid quickly with proper signage that directs employees to first aid stations and medical treatment.

SafetySign.com is your one stop shop for First Aid Signs and emergency signs. Our First Aid Signs can be surface mounted or mounted to project from the wall or ceiling for a 2-way or 3-Way view. We offer quality, affordable safety signs and safety labels to ensure that people in your facility will receive the first aid care they deserve when they need it most. View our selection below and order your first aid signs today.

We sell high quality safety signs at the lowest prices. If you can find our signs at a lower price, well match it!

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THIS VEHICLE CARRIES A FIRST AID KIT – WINDOW STICKER DECAL

Fire Extinguisher & First Aid on board stickers decals Taxi Coach Free 1st P&P

Fire Extinguisher & First Aid on board stickers decals Taxi Coach Free 1st P&P

4X First Aid Sign Self Adhesive Vinyl Sticker Decal Window Car Van Bike

THIS VEHICLE CARRIES A FIRST AID KIT WINDOW STICKER DECAL – 7cms x 4cms

THIS VEHICLE CARRIES A FIRST AID KIT WINDOW STICKER DECAL – 7cms x 4cms

2 x Fire Extinguisher & 2 x First Aid stickers Taxi / Coach Vinyl Decal

FIRST AID CARRIED FIRE EXTINGUISHER CARRIED Car Van Stickers Decals 2 off 75mm

2 X Fire Extinguisher & First Aid Kit In Boot Stickers 110mm x 60mm Vinyl Decals

100x66mm FIRST AID & FIRE EXTINGUISHER PVC Sticker Sign Decal Set OHS WHS

3 vinyl cut plasters first aid for cars fun stickers van bumper decal 5315 black

3 vinyl cut plasters first aid for cars fun stickers van bumper decal 5315 black

FIRE EXTINGUISHER & FIRST AID ON BOARD PRINTED STICKERS DECAL 100mm x 90mm

2 Glow in the dark Fire Extinguisher & 2 First Aid on board stickers Taxi Coach

2 x FIRST AID PRINTED SELF ADHESIVE SIGNS STICKERS DECALS 100mm x 100mm

QTY X 3 FIRST AID / UNDER SEAT – DECAL PRINTED STICKER – CHOICE OF SIZES

First Aid Hard Hat Decal Hardhat Sticker Helmet Label H172

set of 6x first aid cross sticker vinyl health box decal macbook self adhesive

Sticker decal macbook airplane aircraft airport plane pilot crew first aid kit

Sticker decal macbook airplane aircraft airport plane pilot crew first aid kit

Ambulance 210mm Star of Life decals stickers graphics Emergency First Aid

FIRST AID CARRIED FIRE EXTINGUISHER CARRIED Window Stickers Decals 2 off 75mm

2 X First Aid Kit & Fire Extinguisher In Boot Stickers 110mm x 60mm Vinyl Decals

Ambulance Chevron decals stickers graphics Emergency First Aid event support SWB

Ambulance 380mm Star of Life decals stickers graphics Emergency First Aid

2X Emergency Pet Rescue DOG CAT Vinyl Decal Sticker First Aid Responder Safety

FIRST AID CROSS CAR FUNNY BUMPER STICKER DRIFT JDM VINYL DECAL VAN BIKE LAPTOP

FIRST AID CROSS CAR FUNNY BUMPER STICKER DRIFT JDM VINYL DECAL VAN BIKE LAPTOP

Kids Cute Cartoon Adhesive Band Aid Bandages Plasters Decal Sticker 20pcs/set

sticker first aid box health safety emergency door decal macbook self adhesive

FIRST AID BOX PRINTED SELF ADHESIVE SIGN STICKER DECAL 200mm x 90mm

AED Defibrillator & First Aid Sticker Decal Safety Sign Car Vinyl

Vintage action man 1 6th repro Decals U.N First Aid, Mine detection plus loads

Support Unit 900mm 600mm decals stickers graphics Emergency First Aid Ambulance

100pcs Cute Cartoon Adhesive Band Aid Bandages Plasters Decal Sticker Breathable

FIRST AID BOX – PRINTED DECAL STICKER- (CHOICE OF SIZES)

First Aid Available At Site Office Vinyl Sticker Decal Window Car Van Bike 2790

Kids Cute Cartoon Adhesive Band Aid Bandages Plasters Decal Sticker 20pcs/set

First Aid Post Vinyl Decal Sticker Sign – Choice Of Colours & Sizes –

set of 6x first aid cross sticker vinyl health box decal macbook self adhesive

BLACK FIRST AID CROSS BUMPER STICKER DRIFT JDM VINYL DECAL VAN BIKE LAPTOP

BLACK FIRST AID CROSS BUMPER STICKER DRIFT JDM VINYL DECAL VAN BIKE LAPTOP

FIRST AID ADULT CAR BUMPER STICKER VINYL DECAL JDM 4X4 FUNNY

FIRST AID ADULT CAR BUMPER STICKER VINYL DECAL JDM 4X4 FUNNY

VW T25 FIRST AID & FIRE EXTINGUISHER ON BOARD STICKER DECAL TAXI CARAVAN

VW T25 FIRST AID & FIRE EXTINGUISHER ON BOARD STICKER DECAL TAXI CARAVAN

Sticker decal car helmet door bumper macbook laptop safety first first aid cross

Set 2x Sticker decal car door boat laptop macbook extinguisher first aid board

FIRST AID BOX CAR FUNNY BUMPER STICKER DRIFT JDM VINYL DECAL VAN BIKE LAPTOP

X2 First Aid Kit Medic JDM DUB Drift Euro Funny Vinyl Decal Car Sticker Laptop

Plaster Band Aid First Bumper Window Sticker Decal Vinyl for Cars Vans Caravan

Plaster Band Aid First Bumper Window Sticker Decal Vinyl for Cars Vans Caravan

Ambulance 900mm x 120mm decals stickers graphics Emergency First Aid Response

Ambulance Chevron decals stickers graphics Emergency First Aid event support LWB

QTY X 5 FIRST AID BOX – DECAL PRINTED STICKER (CHOICE OF SIZES)

Ambulance 900mm 600mm decals stickers graphics Emergency First Aid

First Aid & Fire Extinguisher Diecut vinyl stickers decal 100x100mm OHS

FIRST AID DECAL STICKER FOR COMMERCIAL OH&S VEHICLE VAN WARNING DECALS STKCERS

FIRST AID DECAL STICKER FOR COMMERCIAL OH&S VEHICLE VAN WARNING DECALS STKCERS

1/35 Pre-cut WW2 Red cross – First Aid Matte decals/ model/diorama 1

First Aid Symbol vinyl decal/sticker emergency supplies kit box trauma station

80 X 25MM FIRST AID GREEN BACKGROUND WHITE WRITING – DECAL PRINTED STICKER

80 X 25MM FIRST AID GREEN BACKGROUND WHITE WRITING – DECAL PRINTED STICKER

Certified First Aid Hard Hat Decal Hard Hat Sticker Helmet Safety Label H24

Safety, Forklift, First Aid, CPR (30 Pack) HardHat, Decal, Sticker (size: 2)

Customs services and international tracking provided

sticker first aid box health safety emergency door decal macbook self adhesive

CPR First Aid Certified (30 Pack) HardHat, Decal, Label Sticker (size: 2)

Customs services and international tracking provided

First Aid Available At Site Office Vinyl Sticker Decal Window Car Van Bike 2790

4X First Aid Sign Self Adhesive Vinyl Sticker Decal Window Car Van Bike

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First Aid Signs

Construction Contractor First Aid Kits

Child First Aid Kits, Manikin & Supplies

Elite First Aid Military Trauma Kits

First Aid Kits Metal (Empty)

First Aid Kits Plastic (Empty)

First Aid Bag Softsided (Empty)

Intelligent On the Job First Aid kits

Mine Safety & Health Administration First Aid Kits

OSHA SmartCompliance First Aid Program

Softsided, All Purpose First Aid Kits

Earthquake Survival Modular Hospital Field Tents

Emergency Drinking Water & Accessories

Emergency Fire Extinguisher Cabinet

Emergency Shelter & Sleeping Supplies

Medical Corps KI03 Potassium Iodate

AED Resusci® Anne SkillGuide and SkillReporter

Laerdal AED Trainer 2 (Same as Philips HeartStart FR2+ Trainer 2)

Advanced & Basic Life Support – Simulaids®

LIFEFORM CRiSis ADVANCED CPR MANIKINS

Ambu® Advanced & Basic Life Support CPR Manikins

CPR Prompt® Basic Life Support CPR Manikins

Laerdal® Advanced & Basic Life Support CPR Manikins

Life/form® Basic Buddy CPR Manikins

Life/form® CRiSis? Advanced CPR Manikins

Ruth Lee® Rescue Training Manikin/Dummies

Mini backpack Rescue Breather Keychain

Ambu® Res-Cue CPR Mask Kit – Plastic

First Aid Kit Cases – Metal (empty)

First Aid Kit Cases – Plastic (empty)

Bradley® & Speakman® Combination Showers/Eyewash Showers

33 Piece all purpose Fundraiser First aid kit

Basic Ready-or-Not Tot® Parenting Manikins

First Aid Trauma Moulage Simulation Kits

OSHA Approved/Compliant First Aid Kit

Maritime General Industry Regulations

Federal OSHA, California OSHA, DOT Products

Ultra-Light Carbon Composite Oxygen Cylinders

Antiseptic Cleansing Wipes (sting free)

Povidone-Iodine Solution/ Wipes/ Swabsticks

Blue, Metal Detectable, Light Woven

We have a selection of many differentfirst aid kitsforschools, Industrial settings, Businesses, Emergencies, CPR, etc…

Plastic ABCs of Emergency First Aid sign -Click here to enlarge picture

24×19 Plastic ABCs of Emergency First Aid sign – 1 each

Display sign covers the basics of emergency first aid care. Attention grabbing red and black text and graphics.

7 x17 Plastic Eye Wash Station (green & white) sign – 1 each

In an eyecare emergency, time is of the essence. Make sure everyone knows the location of the nearest eyewash station.

6 x 5 Plastic Eye Wash Station 3D (green & white) sign – 1 each

In an eyecare emergency, time is of the essence. Make sure everyone knows the location of the nearest eyewash station.1 side flanged edges have pre-drilled mounting holes – includes screws and self-adhesive foam tape. 3D signs, projecting 45 from the wall, provides optimum viewing from the front and sides.

10x 7 Plastic Emergency First Aid Station sign (green & white) sign – 1 each

Bilingual first aid sign, 10×14 plastic

Identify your first aid area clearly and quickly. Our 14 x10 bilingual first aid sign lets people know where to come for help. English and Spanish.

Bilingual first aid sign, 14×10 – Vinyl

Identify your first aid area clearly and quickly. Our 14 x10 bilingual first aid sign lets people know where to come for help. English and Spanish.

First Aid Kit Inside Sticker , 5 x 7 – Adhesive Dura Vinyl

Identify your first aid vehicle or location clearly and quickly. Our 5 x 7 first aid sign lets people know where to come for help. Made of resistant Adhesive dura vinyl

First Aid Kit Inside Sticker , 3.5 x 5 – Adhesive Dura Vinyl

Identify your first aid vehicle or location clearly and quickly. Our 3.5 x 5 first aid sign lets people know where to come for help. Made of resistant Adhesive dura vinyl

Fire Extinguisher Sticker Sign 18 x 4 Adhesive Dura Vinyl

Plastic, Biological Hazard Authorized Personnel Only Sign

Plastic, Biohazard Caution Biologizal Hazard

Plastic, Eye Protection Must Be Worn in this Area

Plastic, Exit Sign (Red on a Lumi-Glow Plastic)

Plastic, No Exit Sign (Red on a Lumi-Glow Plastic)

Lumi-Glow Deco Shield Plastic Sign(Red on a Lumi-Glow Plastic)

Plastic 3D Projection Emergency Exit Only Sign

PLASTIC ABCS OF EMERGENCY FIRST AID SIGN

First Aid Stickers

Create i class=zazzicon zazzicon-att-signed-open/i

First Aid Supplies / Emergency Kit Square Sticker

Drunk in Love Recovery Kit, Drinking Label, Favour Classic Round Sticker

Hangover Kit Drinking Labels, Favour Sticker

Hangover Kit Sticker Label Drinking Labels

National Civil Defence Week Classic Round Sticker

I Love First Aid Classic Round Sticker

First Responder Blue Health Care Cross Sticker

Award badge with the word – First Aider Square Sticker

Award badge with the word – EHBOer Square Sticker

First Responder Blue Health Care Cross Square Sticker

Hangover Kit Drinking Labels, Favour Sticker

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First Aid Cabinet

Seconds count in medical emergencies. First responders need fast access to first aid supplies.

This large (10 x 7), heavy-duty vinyl First Aid sticker clearly identifies your first aid cabinets.

Make your first aid supplies easy to find in a medical emergency. Order First Aid stickers for your first aid cabinets now.

SafetyMax offers a convenient, cost-effective First Aid Kit Maintenance Service. Contact one of our Emergency Preparedness Consultants for more information. Call 1- or click above for LiveChat.

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Portable AED designed for use by ordinary people in the extraordinary moment.

Rules of the Road

Below is a rather complete overview of the German traffic code based on my interpretation of the current(Road Traffic Ordinances), as well as numerous contributions by readers.

If you are visiting Germany and will not be establishing residency, then your own drivers license from your home country, state, or province is valid in Germany for as long as youre there. If you will be establishing residency in Germany, your drivers license is valid for six months from the date when permanent residency is established, which in practice is generally assumed to be the date you enter the country. You will have to obtain a German drivers license in order to continue driving after that six month grace period expires. If your residency will be for longer than six months but less than one year (and you can legally prove it), you can obtain a six month extension to use your existing license.

There is a bit of confusion and disagreement on whether foreigners need to also have anInternational Driving Permit (IDP). With recent international agreements on standardizing driver license formats, you generally will no longer need an IDP if your license conforms to the numbered format; that is, each of the bits of information on your license (name, date of birth, etc.) is numbered, similar to the example below. If so, then that license is accepted in Germany without the need for an IDP. (This is because the police know what the numbered attributes on your license mean, which was the purpose of the IDP.)

If your license does not have those attributes numbered, then youre supposed to carry an official translation of your license in addition to the license itself. To do this, you need to purchase an International Driving Permit (IDP) in your home country before leaving for Germany. In the US, these are available from AAA for $20 plus two passport photos.However, I have found thatif you speak the language well enough, you can get by without an IDP and, should you get into a situation where you need to have a translation, you can get always one from the ADAC automobile club for about 40.IIf youre unsure, my recommendation is to get an IDP before you go– better safe than sorry. Keep in mind that an IDPdoes not replace your official drivers license– it is just a translation of it in an internationally recognized format. You must carry your official license with your IDP in order for it to be valid.

If you will be in stationed in Germany with the US military, you will need to obtain a drivers license issued by the US Armed Forces. See the USAREUR drivers handbook at, then come back here for a supplemental guide!

If you are not affiliated with the US military and are going to be living in Germany longer than one year, you will need to get a German Drivers License (Fhrerschein). To do this, you must have a valid license in your home country and have not lived in Germany for more than three years. The process starts with a visit to the local traffic office (Straenverkehrsamt.) What happens next will depend on where you hail from. Germany has reciprocal agreements with many countries and US states allowing drivers licenses to be converted. If youre lucky, you may have to do nothing more than fill-out some paperwork (although after you finally finish all the required forms, you may wonder just how lucky you really are!) If not, you may still get off only having to take the written test. Otherwise, youll have to go through the whole testing procedure, just like the Germans do. Note, though, that when a conversion is possible, only holders ofnon-commercialvehicle licenses can convert their existing license to a German license.

If your license was issued in one of the following US states, you can convert your license to a German license without any testing: Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, Colorado, Delaware, Idaho, Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Michigan, New Mexico, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Virginia, West Virginia, Washington (state), Wisconsin, Wyoming, and Puerto Rico.

Licenses from these US states require the applicant to take just the written test: Connecticut, District of Columbia, Florida, Indiana, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, North Carolina, Oregon, and Tennessee.

For a complete and current list of all US states, Canadian provinces, and other countries with reciprocal license agreements, see the sites listed in the links section at the bottom of this page.

Conversion of licenses from all other US states will require you to take both the writtenand practical (road) tests. In all cases, you willhave to take a vision test, which is usually administered by a commercial eye doctor (at your own expense, of course.) You may also be required to take a first-aid class.

If you can convert your license without testing, simply complete the required paperwork and submit it. If you have to take the written tests, it will be given at the traffic office. The test consists of sections covering laws, signs, vocabulary, theory, and energy conservation. To prepare for the test, you can study this site and/or take a course at a German driving school (Fahrschule). Be wary, though– you just want the short laws and signs class, not the full driving course. The latter course currently costs around 1,500 and consists of 25-45 hours of instruction, including 12 hours of theory, and oodles of practical experience including night and Autobahn driving. Make sure you ask for the special class for new residents. If a school tells you they dont offer it, find one that does.

If you have to take the practical on-the-road test, it will be conducted by a driving school (not the traffic office as is the case in the US) and will last about an hour. It will most likely include a short trip on the Autobahn. If you need practice, most driving schools offer short courses to prepare for the practical test as well. Once you pass these tests, you will take the paperwork to the traffic office where you will be awarded a German drivers license valid for the rest of your life!

New EU-standard German drivers license

The minimum age to drive in Germany is 18. Traffic drives on the right and passes on the left (not the other way around, as many Americans inexplicably think.) Seatbelts must be worn by all passengers. Children under 12 years old or shorter than 1.5 meters may not sit in the front seat unless they are in an approved child safety seat and there is no room in the back seat (or there is no back seat.) However, you may not use a child safety seat in the front seat if there is an active airbag.Motorcyclists must ride with helmets and headlights on at all times.

The basic premise of German traffic law is the doctrine of confidence, which in effect says that motorists must be alert, obey the law, and drive defensively at all times so that all motorists and other road users (including pedestrians) can have confidence in each other. Motorists must be especially alert for and anticipate the actions of elderly or disabled pedestrians or children, all of whom are exempt from the doctrine of confidence. All road users must act to prevent endangering, hindering, and unreasonably inconveniencing other road users.

Drivers must have third-party liability insurance and must carry proof of that insurance as well as proof of ownership (registration or rental papers) at all times. Vehicles must carry a warning triangle (Warndreieck), safety vest (Warnweste), and a super-duper highway first aid kit (Pkw-Verbandkasten) in which I defy you to find something as simple as a band-aid. Germany does not require a fire extinguisher (Feuerlscher) to be carried, but its not a bad idea to have one anyway. You are required to place the warning triangle 100 meters behind your vehicle if it is disabled (200 meters on the Autobahn), although I rarely see anyone actually put it that far back.

Always lock your vehicle and take the keys whenever you leave it. You should leave your doors unlocked while driving to facilitate rescue in an accident. It is illegal to drive with your parking lights only; you must use your headlights at night and during inclement weather.

The police are allowed to collect fines (Verwarnungsgeld) for most minor traffic offenses on the spot. If you dont have enough cash on hand, you can usually pay with a credit/debit card. If you are unable or unwilling to pay (you have the legal right to do so), your vehicle may be impounded (at additional cost to you, of course), although in most cases youll probably just be issued a citation to appear in court later. Note that if you refuse to pay the spot fine, you may be assessed a higher fine when you go to court, and some fines are based on your income. You need not fear when paying spot fines– the German police are very professional and corruption is very rare, and you will always be given a receipt for the payment.

Some traffic violations are considered to be felonies and may be punishable by imprisonment if lives or property are endangered. These include driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs, leaving the scene of an accident, illegal passing, U-turns and wrong-way driving or backing-up on the Autobahn, failure to yield the right-of-way, and reckless driving including excessive speeding.

Germany operates a point system for driving offenses. Most minor violations accrue one to four points, with more serious violations earning five or more points. Points for minor offenses are expunged after three years; other offenses will remain on the record for five to 10 years depending on the offense. Motorists who exceed four points on their record at any given time can attend a driving safety class to eliminate four points from their record (two points if the total is greater than nine.) Those who accumulate 14 points are required to attend the safety class. They may then voluntarily obtain counseling from a traffic psychologist to eliminate two points from their record. Anyone who accumulates 18 or more points will have their license suspended indefinitely. The US military also has a point system that varies somewhat from the German system.

Most moving-violation enforcement in Germany is done via enforcement cameras. Germany probably uses such cameras more than anyone else (except possibly Britain). Permanent and temporary cameras– both automated and manually-operated– are used to catch speeders, red-light violators, and tailgaters. Sometimes an obscure sign will warn you of the existence of such a camera, but its usually too late by the time you see it. Citations are mailed to the registered owner of the vehicle within a few weeks. If youre driving a rental car, the ticket will go to the rental agency.They, in turn, will report you to the police as the driver of the vehicle and the ticket will be forwarded to you, although they frequently drop cases against non-EU residents– its too much of a hassle since the odds of collecting are pretty slim. An interesting footnote: the police stopped sending a copy of the photo a while back when several spouses discovered cases of infidelity when they opened the violation notice. Now, you have to go to the police station yourself to see the photo and contest it if you so desire. Such an effort is usually fruitless, though.

Some enforcement is still done the old-fashioned way with police using both marked and unmarked vehicles looking for violations. If you get busted, youll likely be signaled to pull over by a lollypop traffic paddle (see picture to the right) being held out of the window and perhaps a flashing sign on the back of the vehicle readingPolizei– bitte folgen(police– please follow.) These vehicles typically have on-board cameras recording constantly and the video is used as evidence if the violation is disputed.

Germany uses a hierarchical system to assign right-of-way (Vorfahrt, Vorrang) at intersections as follows:

A police officer directing traffic overrides all other traffic controls. Some officers use obvious motions to direct traffic. However, if an officer is not motioning and has both shoulders facing you (often with arms outstretched), you must wait. This applies to traffic behind him as well as in front of him. If he has just one shoulder facing you (i.e. standing parallel to your path), you have the right-of-way. If he has one hand in the air, he is preparing to change the traffic flow (equivalent to a yellow light) and all traffic must stop. Police and crossing guards may also use a traffic paddle (lollypop, see photo above)– this is equivalent to a stop sign.

Traffic signals are the next highest right-of-way control. Traffic signals are discussed in detail on the

page. Remember that you cannot turn right on red in Germany unless there is a green arrow

sign next to the signal. If a right on red is permitted, you must come to a complete stop first and yield to all other traffic including pedestrians.

Signs are the most common right-of-way control. Germany uses a system of priority roads () to assign right-of-way. Priority roads are marked with the priority road sign

. Traffic on a priority road has the right-of-way (priority) over other traffic at all intersections along the way. Intersecting streets will have a yield or stop sign. The yield sign

indicates that you must give the right-of-way, but you dont have to stop if the way is clear. The stop sign

indicates that you must first come to a complete stop, then proceed when the way is clear. Often, priority roads make turns at intersections in towns. These turns are indicated by schematic signs

showing the direction of the turn.On the schematic, you are approaching from the bottom. Traffic proceeding in the direction of the thick line has the right-of-way. Traffic leaving the priority road must yield to other traffic continuing along the priority road but still has the right-of-way over traffic on the other streets. By the way, if you are following a priority road that turns, you still must use your turn signal. Priority roads are cancelled by the end of priority road sign

or by a yield or stop sign. On roads that are not priority roads, right-of-way may be granted by the priority sign

. This sign indicates that you have the right-of-way only at the next intersection. It should not be confused with the uncontrolled intersection sign

which indicates that right-of-way must be given to the traffic approaching from the right at the next intersection.

Be aware that right-of-way signs are also usually posted at traffic signals; however, the signal takes precedence over the signs unless the signal is not operating in which case the signs then govern.

Also, note that the end of traffic calming zone sign

also require drivers to yield to all other traffic including pedestrians.

Traffic on public highways has priority over private drives, forest and farm paths, and dirt roads. Also, sunken curbstones across your roadway indicate that you must yield.

When two public roads cross at an uncontrolled intersection, then right-of-way is always given to traffic approaching from the right.

In the US, traffic on the through street of a T has the right-of-way, but in Germany, you must yield to the right, even if you are on the through road. This also includes the rare situation where a main road and small side street cross at an uncontrolled intersection. Uncontrolled intersections are often marked with the uncontrolled intersection sign

, especially if the intersection and/or right-of-way situation is unexpected.

When traffic iscongested, normal right-of-way rules go out the window and the zipper rule (

) goes into effect. This means that cars feed one at a time alternating from each direction, regardless of who has the posted right-of-way. Thezipper rule also applies when one lane ends and merges into another– each vehicle in the through lane must allow one vehicle from the truncated lane to merge in.

In situations of otherwise equal right-of-way, vehicles going straight have priority, followed by right turns; left turns go last.

Traffic entering a roundabout technically has the right-of-way unless the entrance is marked with both a yield sign

(which it usually is.) (Footnote: you must use your turn signal when you exit a roundabout, but not as you approach or enter it as in some other countries.)

Emergency vehicles with a flashing blue light and siren sounding always have the right-of-way; you must pull-over to the right-hand side of the road when one approaches.

You should yield to streetcars at intersections. Dont pass a stopped streetcar if it is discharging passengers directly onto the street; you may continue on after the doors have closed.

Yield to buses leaving a marked bus stop.

On narrow road sections, the priority over coming traffic sign

over oncoming traffic and the yield to oncoming traffic sign

means you must yield to oncoming traffic. On narrow mountainous roads, traffic going uphill has the right-of-way.

On roads where passing is difficult or not allowed, slower traffic is required to pull over when possible to allow faster traffic to go by (waysides are sometimes provided for this purpose.)

Pedestrians always have the right-of-way when in a crosswalk.

Do not enter an intersection if traffic is backed-up on the other side of the junction, even if you have a green light.

Vehicles entering an Autobahn or expressway must yield to other traffic already on the main roadway.

Drivers must never assert their right-of-way– safety takes precedence in all situations.

In Germany, there is a set of general or default speed limits (Geschwindigkeitbeschrnkung). These are the limits you must obey in the absence of signs:

Posted speed limits, of course, supersede the default limits.

Vehicles that are limited to a lower speed limit will usually have a decal resembling a speed limit sign displayed on the back of a vehicle indicating the speed it is authorized to travel depending on its specific characteristics. In some cases, those vehicles may be authorized to travel slower or faster than the general limit and will display the appropriate decal indicating such.

. These indicate the speed limit for an entire neighborhood. The speed limit on the sign remains in effect on all streets within the zone until you pass an end of speed limit zone sign

Here are a few other points about speed limit signs to be aware of:

Although the end of speed limit sign

will only show the last posted speed limit, it actually cancels all previous posted limits and indicates a return to the default speed limit for the road you are on. For example: Youre traveling down a rural road at the default speed limit of 100 km/h when you come to aspeed limit 80 sign

. So you slow down to 80. A kilometer or so later, you come to a speed limit 60 sign

, so you slow down to 60. After a while, you pass an end speed limit 60 sign

. What speed do you return to? The answer is the default speed limit of 100 km/h. The

cancels all previous posted speed limits, not just the 60 km/h limit.

Whenever a speed limit sign is mounted beneath a warning sign, the speed limit only applies until you pass the hazard indicated on the warning sign. For instance, if you you come to a traffic signals ahead sign

below it, the 60 km/h speed limit is in effect only until you pass the traffic signals, after which you can then return to the default speed limit if no other speed limit signs are posted.

indicates the end of all previous posted speed limits and the end of any no passing zones. However, remember that the default speed limit for that roadway still applies.

When fog reduces visibility to less than 50 meters, the maximum speed you may drive is 50 km/h.

When a bus is stopped at a bus stop with its hazard lights flashing, traffic in both directions may only pass at a speed of 7 km/h or less (i.e. walking pace), although few drivers seem to observe this rule.

Whenever a child, elderly, or handicapped person is near the road, drivers are required to remove their foot from the accelerator and be prepared to stop. German courts have upheld that the driver is ultimately responsible for preventing accidents in these situations no matter the actions of the pedestrian.

Passing or overtaking is not permitted in the following situations:

When there is a solid white line on your side of the road and/or a no passing sign

At or on the approach to a railway crossing (i.e. between the initial warning sign and the crossing)

You must use turn signals before pulling out and again when returning to the right lane

You must return to the right lane as soon as safely possible without endangering or impeding the vehicle you are overtaking

Drivers being overtaken must allow plenty of space for the passing vehicle to complete their maneuver; they must slow down to accomplish this if necessary. It is illegal to speed-up to prevent being passed.

Passing on the right is prohibited except on multilane roads (including the Autobahn) when traffic in the left lane is stopped or is moving at less than 60 km/h; in those cases, traffic in the right lane may not exceed 80 km/h. Passing on the right is also allowed on roads controlled by traffic signals, although in practice traffic is typically traveling at less than 60 km/h in those cases anyway.

On roads where passing is difficult or not allowed, slower traffic is required to pull over when possible to allow faster traffic to go by (waysides are sometimes provided for this purpose.)

The penalties for driving under the influence in Germany are harsh. Severe penalties are assessed to first time offenders, usually including the suspension of your license. Penalties for drunk driving now start with a blood alcohol limit as low as 0.03. With the high alcohol content of German social beverages, it doesnt take long to hit the limit. And, if you have an accident, the courts may determine whether alcohol was a factor even if your blood alcohol content is below the limit. The best advice is this: if you drink AT ALL,dont drive!Dont forget that driving under the influence of drugs (prescription or recreational) is also illegal.

In Germany, you are considered parked if you leave your vehicle or if you stop/stand for longer than 3 minutes, unless you are actively boarding or discharging passengers or loading or unloading cargo.

Within 5 meters on either side of an intersection

In front of driveway entrances or exits, or on the opposite side of the street if the roadway is too narrow to allow vehicles to enter or exit the driveway

If parking will obstruct the use of marked parking places

Within 15 meters on either side of a bus or streetcar stop marked with a bus or streetcar stop sign

Within 50 meters on either side of a railway crossing sign

when outside of urban areas or within 5 meters when inside an urban area

On a priority road outside of urban areas

In front of a curb-cut or wheelchair ramp

Adjacent to a traffic island or median

On the street side of another parked vehicle (double parked)

Anywhere there is a no parking sign

You may not stop or stand (on the side of the road):

On or within 5 meters approaching a pedestrian crosswalk

In or adjacent to turn lanes (those marked with arrows on the pavement)

In front of and approaching a fire station driveway

Within a traffic circle or roundabout

At a taxi stand marked with a taxi stand sign

signs, or traffic signals, if parking would obstruct the view of the sign or signal

Anywhere there is a no stopping sign

Except where prohibited (see above), on-street parking is generally permitted. When you park, there must be a gap of a least 3 meters between your vehicle and the middle of the street or the nearest lane line. In many places, you may park partially or entirely on the sidewalk to fulfill this requirement, but look for signs permitting this (or other vehicles doing so) before you do it. If you do, make sure there is sufficient room for pedestrians on the sidewalk. Vehicles over 2.8t may not park on the sidewalk.

You must park on the right side of the street unless:

You are on a one-way street and parking on the left would leave sufficient room for vehicles to pass.

There are rails along the right side.

You may not park, stop, or stand in a traffic lane if there is a shoulder or parking lane.

When parking on a street at night, you must use your parking lights unless you are parked near an all-night streetlight. Streetlights that do not remain on for the entire night are marked by a white and red band

indicates where parking is permitted on streets or gives directions to an off-street parking facility. When used to mark on-street parking, it is usually accompanied by additional signs indicating when parking is permitted, who is permitted to park, or that the use of a parking permit, voucher, or disc is required. For more information on finding parking in cities and using parking facilities, see the

indicates the entrance to an area or neighborhood where there is a general parking restriction. All streets in the area are included in this restriction until the end of parking restriction zone sign

indicates the entrance to an area or neighborhoodwhere parking is permitted on all streets in the area with the use of a parking disc or voucher as indicated by a supplemental sign.All streets in the area are included in this restriction until the end of parking management zone sign

Signage for on-street parking may require you to use a voucher, disc, or meter to restrict the length of time you may park. See theDriving & Parking in German Citiespage for information on using each of these systems.

Parking fines generally range from 5-25 and if you are obstructing traffic or a driveway, your vehicle will, with great Teutonic efficiency, almost surely become the temporary property of the police. In such an event, call the police to settle the situation.

marks the entrance to an urban area. Upon passing this sign, several special traffic regulations go into effect:

You may not honk your horn except when necessary to avoid a collision.

Parking is prohibited within 5 meters of a railroad crossing.

You must ensure that your vehicle can be seen when parked at night. This may require the use of parking lights if street lighting is inadequate or does not remain on all night. Such lights are marked by a red & white band

indicates that you are leaving the built-up area and its associated traffic regulations. The following general regulations apply:

Parking is prohibited on priority roads.

Parking is prohibited within 50 meters of a railroad crossing.

Disabled vehicles must be marked with a warning triangle.

) are usually implemented on small residential streets. The start of a traffic calming zone is marked by the traffic calming zone sign

and the end of traffic calming zone sign

marks the end of such a zone. Within traffic calming zones, the following rules apply:

Traffic must maintain the lowest possible s